The Church of Scotland recognizes two sacraments. One is the sacrament of Baptism and the other is the sacrament of Holy Communion. In order for an infant to be Baptised, at least one parent or close family member must be a member of the church. The adult that is a member of the church professes their faith and willingness to bring the child up in a way that is consistent with the beliefs and teachings of the Church of Scotland.
Typically a Baptism is performed during a Sunday service in front of the entire congregation. The members of the church serve as witness and welcome the child into the community and faith. In the event of emergencies, Baptisms can be done in other locations, such as hospitals.
Like with other Christian religions, a Baptism in the Church of Scotland involves praying over a person’s head, and pouring water on them while declaring them Baptised in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Baptism is considered a necessary step to achieve salvation.
When a person is Baptised, a record of the Baptism is made and stored in the churches archives. Being Baptised is considered an important milestone in the life of a Christian member of the church, and the sacrament of Baptism must be received prior to the sacrament of Holy Communion.